Fluoroquinolones for BK viral complication after transplantation: Meta-analysis

Yusuke Ito, Toshiya Hino, Akira Honda, Mineo Kurokawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: BK polyomavirus (BKV) causes two distinct complications after transplantation, hemorrhagic cystitis (BKV-HC) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and BKV-associated nephropathy (BKVAN) after kidney transplantation (KT). Although fluoroquinolones show efficacy against BKV proliferation in vitro, the clinical effect remains uncertain; thus, we performed meta-analysis to assess its efficacy in the prophylaxis. Methods: Articles published before March 2020 were searched from PubMed, the Cochrane Library, ISRCTN registry, and ClinicalTrials.gov. Primary outcomes were BKV-HC after HSCT and BKVAN after KT. Secondary outcomes were BK viremia, viruria after KT, and fluoroquinolone-related adverse events. Results: Three trials with 281 patients post-HSCT and 11 trials with 1882 patients post KT were included as for prophylaxis. Fluoroquinolone prophylaxis did not show effects on BKV-HC (OR 0.54, 95% CI 0.13-2.25), BKVAN (OR 0.74, 95% CI 0.35-1.55), and BK viremia (OR 0.79, 95% CI 0.49-1.28), but significantly decreased BK viruria (OR 0.64, 95% CI 0.45-0.91). Fluoroquinolone prophylaxis was associated with the higher percentage of fluoroquinolone-resistant infection among identified bacteria (OR 2.38, 95% CI 1.16-4.88), but the incidence of fluoroquinolone-resistant infection was similar (OR 1.15, 95% CI 0.71-1.86), due to the decrease of infection itself (OR 0.52, 95% CI 0.34-0.81). Conclusions: This meta-analysis showed that fluoroquinolones did not prevent BKV-HC after HSCT or BKVAN after KT, although the effect against BKV-HC should be further investigated by randomized controlled trials. Fluoroquinolones could reduce the rate of BK viruria to some extent but may not have clinically sufficient effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13433
JournalTransplant Infectious Disease
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • BK polyomavirus
  • BKV-associated hemorrhagic cystitis
  • BKV-associated nephropathy
  • fluoroquinolone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Transplantation


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