Formal synthesis of optically active ingenol via ring-closing olefin metathesis

Kazushi Watanabe, Yuto Suzuki, Kenta Aoki, Akira Sakakura, Kiyotake Suenaga, Hideo Kigoshi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


The construction of strained carbon skeletons by ring-closing olefin metathesis (RCM) was investigated. With well-designed diene 4, RCM was found to be applicable to the formation of a highly strained inside-outside bicyclo[4.4.1]undecane skeleton of ingenol, a bioactive diterpenoid, and formal total synthesis of optically active ingenol (1) was achieved. The key features of this synthesis are construction of an A-ring by spirocyclization of the ketone with an allylic chloride unit, 26, and ring closure of a B-ring by olefin metathesis. Starting from Funk's keto ester 6, the key intermediate aldehyde 9 in Winkler's total synthesis was synthesized in eight steps in 12.5% overall yield. This strategy of direct cyclization of a strained inside-outside skeleton provided the first easy access to optically active ingenol.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7802-7808
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov 12
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry


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