Generation of gravity waves from thermal tides in the Venus atmosphere

Norihiko Sugimoto, Yukiko Fujisawa, Hiroki Kashimura, Katsuyuki Noguchi, Takeshi Kuroda, Masahiro Takagi, Yoshi Yuki Hayashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Gravity waves play essential roles in the terrestrial atmosphere because they propagate far from source regions and transport momentum and energy globally. Gravity waves are also observed in the Venus atmosphere, but their characteristics have been poorly understood. Here we demonstrate activities of small-scale gravity waves using a high-resolution Venus general circulation model with less than 20 and 0.25 km in the horizontal and vertical grid intervals, respectively. We find spontaneous gravity wave radiation from nearly balanced flows. In the upper cloud layer (~70 km), the thermal tides in the super-rotation are primary sources of small-scale gravity waves in the low-latitudes. Baroclinic/barotropic waves are also essential sources in the mid- and high-latitudes. The small-scale gravity waves affect the three-dimensional structure of the super-rotation and contribute to material mixing through their breaking processes. They propagate vertically and transport momentum globally, which decelerates the super-rotation in the upper cloud layer (~70 km) and accelerates it above ~80 km.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3682
JournalNature communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


Dive into the research topics of 'Generation of gravity waves from thermal tides in the Venus atmosphere'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this