We theoretically examine generation of spin-polarized current using multiterminal quantum dot with spin-orbit interaction. First, a two-level quantum dot is analyzed as a minimal model, which is connected to N (2) external leads via tunnel barriers. When an unpolarized current is injected to the quantum dot from a lead, a polarized current is ejected to others, similarly to the spin Hall effect. In the absence of magnetic field, the generation of spin-polarized current requires N3. The polarization is markedly enhanced by resonant tunneling when the level spacing in the quantum dot is smaller than the level broadening due to the tunnel coupling to the leads. In a weak magnetic field, the orbital magnetization creates a spin-polarized current even in the two-terminal geometry (N=2). The numerical study for generalized situations confirms our analytical result using the two-level model.
|Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
|Published - 2012 Nov 6
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics