Geriatric Depressive Symptoms in Myanmar: Incidence and Associated Factors

Hiroyuki Yamada, Kanako Yoshikawa, Midori Matsushima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Myanmar is one of many countries currently facing a growing older adult population; yet, the mental health status of the country’s older adults is understudied. This is the first article to investigate the prevalence of geriatric depressive symptoms and its associated factors in Myanmar. We use data from the most recent large-scale older adult survey conducted in 2016, which employed the four-item short version of the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-4). Descriptive statistics reveal that, depending on the threshold applied, about 16% to 56% of the surveyed older adults have indications of depressive symptoms. We find that both economic and health status have a statistically significant association with depressive symptoms, but no basic individual characteristics are associated with it. Our findings suggest the importance of a social security system for older adults. Expanding the scope of the pension scheme and improving the provision of health care may be among the important policy options.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1230-1239
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Gerontology
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov 1


  • Myanmar
  • economics status
  • geriatric depressive symptoms
  • health status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology


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