Global Characteristics and Dynamics of Single Immune Cells After Myocardial Infarction

Lingfang Zhuang, Yaqiong Wang, Zhaoyang Chen, Zhigang Li, Ziyang Wang, Kangni Jia, Jiaxin Zhao, Hang Zhang, Hongyang Xie, Lin Lu, Kang Chen, Lei Chen, Keiichi Fukuda, Motoaki Sano, Ruiyan Zhang, Jun Liu, Xiaoxiang Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) is characterized by the emergence of dead or dying cardiomyocytes and excessive immune cell infiltration after coronary vessel occlusion. However, the complex transcriptional profile, pathways, cellular inter-actome, and transcriptional regulators of immune subpopulations after MI remain elusive. METHODS AND RESULTS: Here, male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to MI surgery and monitored for 1 day and 7 days, or sham surgery for 7 days, then cardiac CD45-positive immune cells were collected for single-cell RNA sequencing to de-termine immune heterogeneity. A total of 30 135 CD45+ immune cells were partitioned into macrophages, monocytes, neutrophils, dendritic cells, and T or B cells for further analysis. We showed that macrophages enriched for Olr1 and dif-ferentially expressed Gpnmb represented 2 crucial ischemia-associated macrophages with distinct proinflammatory and prophagocytic capabilities. In contrast to the proinflammatory subset of macrophages enriched for Olr1, Gpnmb-positive macrophages exhibited higher phagocytosis and fatty acid oxidation preference, which could be abolished by etomoxir treatment. In addition to macrophages, MI triggered prompt recruitment of neutrophils into murine hearts, which constituted the sequential cell-fate from naïve S100a4-positive, to activated Sell-high, to aging Icam1-high neutrophils. In silico tools predicted that the excessively expanded neutrophils at 1 day were attributed to chemokine C-C motif ligand/chemokine C-X-C motif ligand pathways, whereas CD80/inducible T-cell costimulator (ICOS) signaling was responsible for the immu-nosuppressive response at day 7 after MI. Finally, the Fos/AP-1 (activator protein 1) regulon was identified as the critical regulator of proinflammatory responses, which was significantly activated in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and ischemic cardiomyopathy. We showed the enriched Fos/AP-1 target gene loci in genome-wide association study signals for coronary artery diseases and MI. Targeting Fos/AP-1 with the selective inhibitor T5224 blunted leukocyte infiltration and alleviated cardiac dysfunction in the preclinical murine MI model. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, this single-cell RNA sequencing data lay the groundwork for the understanding of immune cell heterogeneity and dynamics in murine ischemic hearts. Moreover, Fos/AP-1 inhibition mitigates inflammatory responses and cardiac dysfunction, which might provide potential therapeutic benefits for heart failure intervention after MI.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere027228
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec


  • Fos/AP-1
  • immune cell
  • macrophage
  • myocardial infarction
  • single-cell RNA sequencing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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