Global Innovation and R&D for Knowledge Creation: The Case of P&G, Unilever and Kao

Chie Iguchi, Takabumi Hayashi, Atsuho Nakayama

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

1 Citation (Scopus)


The objective of this chapter is to identify a directional shift toward the decentralization of scientific technological knowledge-creation by Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) in the global market and to determine the extent to which MNEs leverage local knowledge. Therefore, we investigate how firms can retain competitive advantages from the viewpoint of global knowledge-creation. In doing so, we seek to overcome intrinsically static views in the resource-based view and clarify sources of contemporary MNEs’ dynamic capabilities (Cantwell, 1995; Dunning, 1996; Teece, 2009: 136–175; Wernerfelt, 1984). We also examine the dynamic capabilities of contemporary MNEs, which can be seen as MNE-specific from our analysis of the roles of overseas subsidiaries’ R&D capabilities. In particular, we clarify the relationship between the mechanisms of innovative activities and knowledge creation by MNEs and sources of global competitive advantage.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPalgrave Macmillan Asian Business Series
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages22
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NamePalgrave Macmillan Asian Business Series
ISSN (Print)2661-8435
ISSN (Electronic)2661-8443


  • Dynamic Capability
  • Foreign Direct Investment
  • Host Country
  • Knowledge Creation
  • National Origin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management


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