Headache caused by brain metastases of castration-resistant prostate cancer during cabazitaxel therapy

Keitaro Watanabe, Takeo Kosaka, Hiroshi Hongo, Satoshi Tamaki, Mototsugu Oya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We describe the case of a 55-year-old man who underwent four cycles of cabazitaxel therapy for castration- resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). After the fourth cycle of cabazitaxel, the patient experienced severe headaches. Brain gadolinium (Gd) contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed multiple brain metastases. A few days later, the patient suffered impaired consciousness that progressed rapidly. The patient was treated for the symptoms of increased intracranial pressure and underwent whole-brain radiation. One month later, the patient’s consciousness level and headache had improved. Although brain metastases of prostate cancer are rare, the possibility of brain metastases should be considered for prostate cancer patients, especially when a CRPC patient complains of headache. Additionally, even if major conditions such as cerebral hemorrhage are excluded by the use of non-contrast enhanced computed tomography, brain Gd contrast-enhanced MRI should be performed in consideration of the possibility of brain metastases of prostate cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-71
Number of pages7
JournalKeio Journal of Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Brain metastases
  • Cabazitaxel
  • Gadolinium contrast-enhanced MRI
  • Headache
  • Prostate cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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