Heat capacities of the anomalous fluid phase in two-dimensional 3He

Y. Matsumoto, D. Tsuji, S. Murakawa, H. Akisato, H. Kambara, Hiroshi Fukuyama

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20 Citations (Scopus)


We measured heat capacities of two dimensional 3He adsorbed on graphite preplated with a 4He monolayer (3He/ 4He/gr) in a wide temperature (0.3 ≤ T ≤ 80 mK) and density range (1.3 ≤ ρ ≤ 7.3 nm-2). We found that the system behaves as a normal Fermi fluid at low densities between 1.3 and 5.6 nm-2 where the quasiparticle effective mass seems to diverge at a density for the 4/7 phase (ρ4/7 = 6.8 nm-2). At higher densities but below ρ4/7, we observed anomalous temperature dependencies of heat capacity with two round maxima near 1 and 30 mk. With increasing density in this region, a high temperature weight of heat capacity decreases selectively leaving the 30 mK peak, while the 1 mK peak develops. This unexpected behavior can not be explained by the conventional two-phase co-existence model. Instead, we propose here that the 2D normal Fermi fluid is continuously transformed to the 4/7 Mott localized phase through a new quantum phase where a hopping of the zero-point vacancy plays an important role.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-276
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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