Purpose. The therapeutic approach for retinal ganglion cell (RGC) degeneration has not been fully established. Recently, it has been reported that hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) may be involved with retinal neurodegeneration. In this study, we investigated neuroprotective effects of a HIF inhibitor against RGC degeneration induced in a murine model of retinal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R). Methods. Eight-weeks-old male C57/BL6J mice were treated with intraperitoneal injection of a HIF inhibitor topotecan (1.25 mg/kg) for 14 days followed by a retinal I/R procedure. Seven days after the I/R injury, the therapeutic effect was evaluated histologically and electrophysiologically. Results. The increase of HIF-1α expression and the decrease of retinal thickness and RGC number in I/R were significantly suppressed by administration of topotecan. Impaired visual function in I/R was improved by topotecan evaluated with elec-troretinogram and visual evoked potentials. Conclusions. Topotecan administration suppressed HIF-1a expression and improved RGC survival resulting in a functional protection against retinal I/R. These data indicated that the HIF inhibitor topotecan may have therapeutic potentials for RGC degeneration induced with retinal ischemia or high intraocular pressure.
- Hypoxia-inducible factor
- Retinal ganglion cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)