High-efficiency machining of single-crystal germanium using large-radius diamond tools

Tsutomu Ohta, Jiwang Yan, Shuuma Yajima, Youichi Takahashi, Naoyuki Horikawa, Tsunemoto Kuriyagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Round-nosed diamond tools with various nose radii are used for cutting single crystalline germanium and fundamental machining characteristics are examined. It is found that when cutting with small radius tools, the principal cutting force is dominant and crater wear on rake face is significant. However, when cutting with large radius tools, the thrust force becomes significant and tool failure is caused by formation of an angular flank wear land. The use of a large radius tool at a high tool feed improves ductile machining efficiency by a factor of over ten, thus is useful for reducing infrared lens manufacturing costs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)374-392
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Surface Science and Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • cutting force
  • diamond turning
  • ductile machining
  • germanium
  • infrared lens
  • tool radius
  • tool wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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