High-frequency and intrinsically stretchable polymer diodes

Naoji Matsuhisa, Simiao Niu, Stephen J.K. O’Neill, Jiheong Kang, Yuto Ochiai, Toru Katsumata, Hung Chin Wu, Minoru Ashizawa, Ging Ji Nathan Wang, Donglai Zhong, Xuelin Wang, Xiwen Gong, Rui Ning, Huaxin Gong, Insang You, Yu Zheng, Zhitao Zhang, Jeffrey B.H. Tok, Xiaodong Chen, Zhenan Bao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Citations (Scopus)


Skin-like intrinsically stretchable soft electronic devices are essential to realize next-generation remote and preventative medicine for advanced personal healthcare1–4. The recent development of intrinsically stretchable conductors and semiconductors has enabled highly mechanically robust and skin-conformable electronic circuits or optoelectronic devices2,5–10. However, their operating frequencies have been limited to less than 100 hertz, which is much lower than that required for many applications. Here we report intrinsically stretchable diodes—based on stretchable organic and nanomaterials—capable of operating at a frequency as high as 13.56 megahertz. This operating frequency is high enough for the wireless operation of soft sensors and electrochromic display pixels using radiofrequency identification in which the base-carrier frequency is 6.78 megahertz or 13.56 megahertz. This was achieved through a combination of rational material design and device engineering. Specifically, we developed a stretchable anode, cathode, semiconductor and current collector that can satisfy the strict requirements for high-frequency operation. Finally, we show the operational feasibility of our diode by integrating it with a stretchable sensor, electrochromic display pixel and antenna to realize a stretchable wireless tag. This work is an important step towards enabling enhanced functionalities and capabilities for skin-like wearable electronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-252
Number of pages7
Issue number7888
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec 9

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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