CD44 is a widely expressed cell surface adhesion molecule in which various isoforms arise from alternative RNA splicing mechanism. Overexpression of specific CD44 splice variant, i.e., CD44v8-10, has been found in several human malignancies and is considered to be associated with tumor progression and metastasis. We have demonstrated a novel molecular approach, CD44v8-10/CD44v10 competitive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (CC-RT-PCR) for the detection of cancer cells overexpressing CD44v8-10 by the measurement of the transcriptional level of CD44v8-10 relative to that of CD44v10 (v8-10/v10 ratio). In this study, we initially examined the expression of CD44 splice variants in human urothelial cancers and their adjacent normal urinary tissues by RT-PCR. Any CD44 variant isoforms were barely detectable in normal urinary tissues, whereas CD44v8-10 was predominantly expressed in 23 of the 30 (77%) urothelial cancer specimens. We then applied CC-RT-PCR to spontaneously voided urine samples from patients with 80 urothelial cancer and 50 various benign urologic diseases. The CC-RTPCR analysis revealed that all of the samples associated with benign diseases presented a predominant expression of the CD44v10 transcript (the v8-10/v10 ratios = 0.00-0.87), whereas 62 of the 80 samples associated with urothelial cancers mostly expressed the CD44v8-10 transcript (the v8-10/v10 ratios > 1.00). In addition, the positivity rate obtained by the CC-RT-PCR analysis was high regardless of the pathological grade of the urothelial cancers, although the sensitivity of the cytological examination declined with decreasing tumor grade. Our findings suggest strongly that CC- RT-PCR is a non-invasive useful tool for the diagnosis of urine samples from patients with urothetial cancer.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||International Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research