Introduction Inclusion body myositis (IBM) is an idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, characterized by unique clinical features including finger flexor and quadriceps muscle weakness and a lack of any reliable treatment. The human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-DRB1 allele and autoantibody profiles in Japanese IBM patients have not been fully elucidated. Methods We studied 83 Japanese IBM patients with a mean age of 69 years (49 males and 34 females) who participated in the ‘Integrated Diagnosis Project for Inflammatory Myopathies’ from January 2011 to September 2016. IBM was diagnosed by histological diagnosis. Various autoantibodies were screened by RNA immunoprecipitation and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. HLA-DRB1 genotyping was performed using polymerase chain reaction-sequence based typing. A total of 460 unrelated healthy Japanese controls were also studied. Results The allele frequencies of DRB1*01:01, DRB1*04:10, and DRB1*15:02 were significantly higher in the IBM group than in the healthy control group (Corrected P = 0.00078, 0.00038 and 0.0046). There was a weak association between the DRB1*01:01 allele and severe leg muscle weakness and muscle atrophy. While hepatitis type C virus infection and autoantibodies to cytosolic 5’-nucleotidase 1A were found in 18 and 28 patients, respectively, no significant association with HLA-DRB1 alleles was observed. Conclusion Japanese IBM patients had the specific HLA-DRB1 allele and autoantibody profiles.
ASJC Scopus subject areas