ICT, offshoring, and the demand for part-time workers: The case of Japanese manufacturing

Kozo Kiyota, Sawako Maruyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


This paper examines the effects of information and communication technology (ICT) and offshoring on the skill demand in Japanese manufacturing. One of the contributions of this paper is that we focus explicitly on the demand for low-wage part-time workers, which we call low skilled workers. Estimating a system of variable factor demands for the period 1980–2011, we find that industries with higher ICT stock shifted demand from middle-low to middle-high and low skilled workers. Offshoring is associated with the increasing demand for high skilled workers but it has insignificant effects on the demand for middle-high, middle-low, and low skilled workers. The results together suggest that the increasing demand for low-wage part-time workers can be attributable to ICT in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-86
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Asian Economics
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Feb 1


  • Information and communication technology
  • Labor demand
  • Offshoring
  • Part-time workers
  • Skills

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics


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