A critical issue in the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is to prevent patients from the progression to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), however, there is only limited number of biomarkers for the discrimination of the high-risk CKD patients. We aimed to identify the metabolites which possess the ability to predict the earlier kidney deterioration. We performed capillary electrophoresis and liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (CE-MS)-based metabolic profiling in a prospective cohort, which consisted of referred 112 CKD patients with median follow-up period of 4.4 years. The association between the levels of candidate metabolites and the outcomes (progression to ESKD alone or in combination with death before ESKD) were assessed by multivariate Cox proportional hazard models after adjusting for the baseline covariates. A total of 218 metabolites were detected in the plasma of CKD patients. We identified 16 metabolites which have predictive values for the composite outcome: The risk for composite outcome was elevated from 2.0- to 8.0-fold in those with higher levels of 16 plasma metabolites. Our results suggest that the measurement of these metabolites may facilitate CKD management by predicting the risk of progression to ESKD.
ASJC Scopus subject areas