In an attempt to clarify the imaging characteristics of large early and early advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), we present two such cases which were greater than 5 cm in diameter. One case had four early HCCs and the other had early advanced HCC which was followed for five years and nine months. Multiphasic CT, CT arteriography (CTA), CT arterial portography (CTAP), and MR imaging were performed. Early HCC was shown as a low density mass by multiphasic contrast CT, CTAP and as a hyperintense mass on a T1-weighted image (WI) and isointense on T2WI. Early advanced HCC was demonstrated as a hypodense mass with hyperenhancing interior nodules on CTA, and isodense with hypodense internal foci on CTAP. One follow-up case showed a multi-step progression from early to early advanced HCC, and finally to overtly advanced HCC. Despite the unusually large size of these two tumors, the findings of multiphasic CT, CTA, CTAP, and MR imaging were consistent with those seen in common-sized (less than 2 cm) early and early advanced HCCs. Multi-step progression of hepatocarcinogenesis was observed in one case.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Sept 10|
- CT arterial portography
- CT arteriography
- Early hepatocellular carcinoma
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