Immunological and vascular characteristics in cavernous sinus meningioma

K. Kosugi, R. Tamura, Kentaro Ohara, Yukina Morimoto, Yuki Kuranari, Yumiko Oishi, Kazunari Yoshida, Masahiro Toda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: It is difficult to treat cavernous sinus (CS) meningiomas because of their complex vascular and neurological structures. Recently, immunotherapy has become an attractive therapeutic modality, but the role of tumor immune microenvironment is yet to be investigated for CS meningiomas. In the current study, these molecular and histopathological characteristics were examined in CS meningiomas. Methods: The present study used twenty-eight meningioma tissues arising in two different locations (8 CS and 20 convexity meningiomas). Immunohistochemical analyses were performed with CD3, CD4, CD8, Foxp3, CD163, PDGFR-β, VEGF receptors 1 & 2 (VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2), VEGF-A and HIF-1α. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) was performed to assess the expression of Foxp3, VEGF-A, CD163, VEGFRs-1 & 2 and HIF-1α. Results: The numbers of different tumor-infiltrating immune cells, such as immunosuppressive cells, were significantly lower in CS meningiomas compared with convexity meningiomas. Analysis of the vascular characteristics showed the vessels in the CS meningiomas were covered with PDGFR-β-positive pericytes and were negative or had only very low amounts of VEGFR-1 and VEGFR-2. However, most vessels in convexity meningiomas showed high VEGFRs expression and were not covered with pericytes. Immunohistochemical and qPCR analyses revealed that the expression of HIF-1α, VEGF-A and VEGFRs-1 & 2 was lower in CS meningiomas. Conclusion: Fewer immunocompetent cells were observed in CS meningiomas compared with convexity meningiomas. Lower expression of VEGF-A, VEGFRs-1 and 2, and the vascular structure may contribute to this specific immune microenvironment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)198-203
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Sept


  • Cavernous sinus meningioma
  • Regulatory T-cells (Tregs)
  • Tumor-associated macrophage (TAMs)
  • Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs)
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)


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