Impact of nuclear "pasta" on neutrino transport in collapsing stellar cores

Hidetaka Sonoda, Gentaro Watanabe, Katsuhiko Sato, Tomoya Takiwaki, Kenji Yasuoka, Toshikazu Ebisuzaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


Nuclear "pasta," nonspherical nuclei in dense matter, is predicted to occur in collapsing supernova cores. We show how pasta phases affect the neutrino transport cross section via weak neutral current using several nuclear models. This is the first calculation of the neutrino opacity of the phases with rod-like and slab-like nuclei taking account of finite temperature effects, which are well described by the quantum molecular dynamics. We also show that pasta phases can occupy 10-20% of the mass of supernova cores in the later stage of the collapse.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042801
JournalPhysical Review C - Nuclear Physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Apr 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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