Impaired acidification in early endosomes of ClC-5 deficient proximal tubule

Mariko Hara-Chikuma, Yinghong Wang, Sandra E. Guggino, William B. Guggino, A. S. Verkman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Citations (Scopus)


ClC-5 chloride channel deficiency causes proteinuria, hypercalciuria, and nephrolithiasis (Dent's disease). Impaired endosomal acidification in proximal tubule caused by reduced chloride conductance is a proposed mechanism; however, functional analysis of ClC-5 in oocytes predicts low ClC-5 chloride conductance in endosomes because of their acid interior pH and positive potential. Here, endosomal pH and chloride concentration were measured in proximal tubule cell cultures from wildtype vs. ClC-5 deficient mice using fluorescent sensors coupled to transferrin (early/recycling endosomes) or α2- macroglobulin (late endosomes). Initial pH in transferrin-labeled endosomes was ∼7.2, decreasing at 15 min to 6.0 vs. 6.5 in wildtype vs. ClC-5 deficient cells, respectively; corresponding endosomal chloride concentration increased from ∼16 mM to 47 vs. 36 mM. In contrast, acidification and chloride accumulation were not impaired in late endosomes or Golgi. Our results provide direct evidence for ClC-5 involvement in acidification of early endosomes in proximal tubule by a chloride shunt mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)941-946
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Apr 15
Externally publishedYes


  • Chloride transport
  • Endocytosis
  • Macroglobulin
  • Ratioimaging
  • Transferrin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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