In-situ surface composition measurements of CuGaSe2 thin films

P. Fons, A. Yamada, S. Niki, H. Oyanagi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Two CuGaSe2 films were grown by molecular beam epitaxy onto GaAs (001) substrates with varying Cu/Ga flux ratios under Se overpressure conditions. Growth was interrupted at predetermined times and the surface composition was measured using Auger electron spectroscopy after which growth was continued. After growth, the film composition was analyzed using voltage dependent electron microprobe spectroscopy. Film structure and morphology were also analyzed using x-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy. The film with a Cu/Ga ratio larger than unity showed evidence of surface segregation of a second Cu-rich phase with a Cu/Se composition ratio slightly greater than unity. A second CuGaSe2 film with a Cu/Ga ratio of less than unity showed no change in surface composition with time and was also consistent with bulk composition measurements. Diffraction measurements indicated a high concentration of twins as well as the presence of domains with mixed c and a axes in the Ga-rich film. The Cu-rich films by contrast were single domain and had a narrower mosaics. High sensitivity scans along the [001] reciprocal axis did not exhibit any new peaks not attributable to either the substrate or the CuGaSe2 thin film.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-150
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Research Society Symposium - Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1997 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, MA, USA
Duration: 1997 Dec 21997 Dec 5

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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