Increased Granulopoiesis in the Bone Marrow following Epstein-Barr Virus Infection

Yasuhiro Katahira, Hiroshi Higuchi, Hiromichi Matsushita, Takashi Yahata, Yuichiro Yamamoto, Ryo Koike, Kiyoshi Ando, Katsuaki Sato, Ken Ichi Imadome, Ai Kotani

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9 Citations (Scopus)


Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is associated with several disorders. EBV is known to modulate the proliferation and survival of hematopoietic cells such as B cells and T cells in human. However, the effects of EBV on hematopoiesis itself have not been investigated. To study EBV infection in murine models, their hematopoiesis must be humanized, since EBV infection is limited only in primates. To engraft the human hematopoiesis, NOD/Shi-scid-IL2rγnull (NOG) mice were used. Usually, the hematopoiesis humanized mice reconstitute only lymphoid cells, but myeloid cells are not. However, we revealed human macrophages (hMφ) and their precursor monocytes were increased in peripheral tissues of EBV-infected mice. Furthermore, our previous report indicated Mφ accumulation in spleen was essential for development of EBV-positive tumors, suggesting that EBV modulates human hematopoiesis in order to thrive. Interestingly, we revealed a dramatic increase of immature granulocytes only in bone marrow of EBV-infected mice. In addition, GM-CSF, a cytokine that is essential for differentiation of the myeloid lineage, was significantly increased in EBV-infected mice. These results were also reproduced in patients with EBV-related disorders. We suggest that the hematopoietic alterations during EBV-infection might contribute immune suppression to the development and exacerbation of EBV-related disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number13445
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

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