Individual- and Neighborhood-Level Factors of Measles Vaccination Coverage in Niamey, Niger: A Multilevel Analysis

Mika Kondo Kunieda, Mahamane Laouali Manzo, S. V. Subramanian, Masamine Jimba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Vaccination is a proven equitable intervention if people take advantage of the opportunity to get vaccinated. Niger is a low-income country in West Africa, with a 76% measles 1 vaccination coverage rate in 2016. This study was conducted to identify individual- and neighborhood-level factors that could improve measles 1 vaccination coverage in Niamey, the capital. In October 2016, 460 mothers with children aged 12–23 months were surveyed. The outcome was to determine whether the mother’s child had been vaccinated against measles 1 or not. For individual-level variables of measles 1 vaccination status, the following were included: mother’s age group, mother tongue, maternal education level, husband’s job, where the mother gave birth (at home or at a health center) and whether the mother discussed vaccination with friends. Neighborhood-level factors were access time to the health center, household access to electricity, and a grand-mean-centered wealth score. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was performed. At the individual-level, primary and secondary-educated mothers were more likely to vaccinate their children against measles 1 (aOR 1.97, 95% CI 1.11–3.51). At the neighborhood-level, no factors were identified. Therefore, a strengthened focus on equity-based, individual factors is recommended, including individual motivation, prompts and ability to access vaccination services.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1513
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Sept


  • Niger
  • Western Africa
  • individual-level factors
  • measles
  • multilevel logistic model
  • neighborhood-level factors
  • vaccination coverage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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