Individual and organizational factors related to work engagement among home-visiting nurses in Japan

Takashi Naruse, Mahiro Sakai, Izumi Watai, Atsuko Taguchi, Yuki Kuwahara, Satoko Nagata, Sachiyo Murashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: The increasing number of elderly people has caused increased demand for home-visiting nurses. Nursing managers should develop healthy workplaces in order to grow their workforce. This study investigated the work engagement of home-visiting nurses as an index of workplace health. The aim of the present study was to reveal factors contributing to work engagement among Japanese home-visiting nurses. Methods: An anonymous, self-administered questionnaire was sent to 208 home-visiting nurses from 28 nursing agencies in three districts; 177 (85.1%) returned the questionnaires. The Job Demands-Resources model, which explains the relationship between work environment and employee well-being, was used as a conceptual guide. The authors employed three survey instruments: (i) questions on individual variables; (ii) questions on organizational variables; and (iii) the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (Japanese version). Multiple regression analyses were performed in order to examine the relationships between individual variables, organizational variables, and work engagement. Results: Nurse managers and nurses who felt that there was a positive relationship between work and family had significantly higher work engagement levels than others. The support of a supervisor was significantly associated with work engagement. Nurses in middle-sized but not large agencies had significantly higher work engagement than nurses in small agencies. Conclusion: Supervisor support and an appropriate number of people reporting to each supervisor are important factors in fostering work engagement among home-visiting nurses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)267-272
Number of pages6
JournalJapan Journal of Nursing Science
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Dec


  • Home-visiting nurse
  • Job Demands-Resources model
  • Work engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Research and Theory


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