Infliximab Treatment Persistence among Japanese Patients with Chronic Inflammatory Diseases: A Retrospective Japanese Claims Data Study

Sho Masui, Atsushi Yonezawa, Kenji Momo, Shunsaku Nakagawa, Kotaro Itohara, Satoshi Imai, Takayuki Nakagawa, Kazuo Matsubara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Infliximab (IFX) has contributed to the treatment of several chronic inflammatory diseases, including Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), psoriasis (Pso), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the loss of response in some patients with long-term IFX therapy has been a major problem. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are limited in their short duration and lack of generalizability to the real-world population. We aimed to describe the persistence rates of IFX therapy to estimate its long-term effectiveness in clinical practice. Claims data from the Japan Medical Data Center database from January 2005 to June 2017 were used. The study population was identified based on the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision and the Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification System. The 5-year persistence rates of IFX therapy were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Overall, 281, 235, 41, and 222 patients with CD, UC, Pso, and RA, respectively, were selected. The 5-year persistence rates for IFX claims were 62.9, 38.9, 22.1, and 28.1% in patients with CD, UC, Pso, and RA, respectively. Patients with CD and UC administered IFX beyond the median dose had higher persistence rates. In patients with RA, female sex and no prior use of other biologics were associated with longer persistence. In conclusion, IFX persistence rates differed across chronic inflammatory diseases, which did not correspond to the results of the major RCTs. Factors associated with longer IFX persistence were identified in each disease group. Our findings may provide useful information to facilitate the proper use of IFX.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)323-332
Number of pages10
JournalBiological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chronic inflammatory disease
  • Infliximab
  • Real-world database
  • Therapeutic persistence
  • Treatment pattern

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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