Interleukin-6 family of cytokines mediate angiotensin II-induced cardiac hypertrophy in rodent cardiomyocytes

Motoaki Sano, Keiichi Fukuda, Hiroaki Kodama, Jing Pan, Mikiyoshi Saito, Junichi Matsuzaki, Toshiyuki Takahashi, Shinji Makino, Takahiro Kato, Satoshi Ogawa

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210 Citations (Scopus)


This study was designed to investigate whether angiotensin II induces the interleukin (IL)-6 family of cytokines in cardiac fibroblasts and, if so, whether these cytokines can augment cardiac hypertrophy. Angiotensin II increased IL-6, leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and cardiotrophin-1 mRNA by 6.5-, 10.2-, and 2.0-fold, respectively, but did not affect IL-11, ciliary neurotrophic factor, or oncostatin M in cardiac fibroblasts. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay revealed that angiotensin II-stimulated conditioned medium from cardiac fibroblasts contained 9.3 ng/ml IL-6 at 24 h, which was 24-fold higher than the control. It phosphorylated gp130 and STAT3 in cardiomyocytes, which was reduced with RX435 (anti-gp130 blocking antibody). It increased [3H]phenylalanine uptake and cell area by 44% and 86% in cardiomyocytes compared with mock medium. RX435 suppressed these increases by 26% and 38%, while TAK044 (endothelin-A/B-R blocker) suppressed them by 52% and 52%, respectively. Antisense oligonucleotides against LIF and cardiotrophin-1 blocked their up-regulation, and attenuated the conditioned medium-induced increase in [3H]phenylalanine uptake by 21% and 13%, respectively. The combination of antisense oligonucleotides to LIF and cardiotrophin-1 decreased their uptake by 33%. These results indicated that angiotensin II induced IL-6, LIF, and cardiotrophin-1 in cardiac fibroblasts, and that these cytokines, particularly LIF and cardiotrophin-1, activated gp130-linked signaling and contributed to angiotensin II-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29717-29723
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number38
Publication statusPublished - 2000 Sept 22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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