Internal embeddedness, geographic distance, and global knowledge sourcing by overseas subsidiaries

Kazuhiro Asakawa, Yeonjin Park, Jaeyong Song, Sang Ji Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


We investigate determinants of global knowledge sourcing of overseas R&D subsidiaries, shedding light on vertical cross-border embeddedness within firms. Drawing on the paradox of embeddedness perspective, which assumes that embeddedness may facilitate or hinder knowledge transfer, we examine the extent to which different types of internal vertical embeddedness - administrative versus knowledge - facilitate global knowledge sourcing. We find that vertical administrative embeddedness inhibits global knowledge sourcing, while vertical knowledge embeddedness promotes it. We also find differing moderating effects of geographic distance between headquarters and its subsidiaries on the association between vertical embeddedness and global knowledge sourcing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)684-705
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Aug 1


  • geographic distance
  • global knowledge sourcing
  • internal vertical embeddedness
  • overseas R&D subsidiaries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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