Internal triaxial strain imaging of visibly opaque black rubbers with terahertz polarization spectroscopy

Atsuto Moriwaki, Makoto Okano, Shinichi Watanabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate the nondestructive imaging of internal triaxial strain in visibly opaque black rubbers by employing the polarization-sensitive terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (PS THz-TDS) technique. From the sample thickness and the differences in amplitude and phase between orthogonal components of the terahertz wave that passed through the sample, the degree of birefringence and the angle of the slow optic axis were determined. We were able to convert the birefringence data into the amount and orientation of the internal strain through a Monte Carlo simulation that correlates the birefringent properties of the rubber with deformation. By comparing the strain map obtained from the PS THz-TDS measurements with that obtained by conventional digital image correlation, we found that both experimental and spatial distributions of the strain are in overall good agreement, except around the clamped sample regions. The deviations result from the intrinsic difference in the obtained strain information between two experiments and it is confirmed that our method based on PS THz-TDS is suited for evaluating the spatial distribution of the internal strain in black rubbers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106101
JournalAPL Photonics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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