Intestinal Lymphatic Endothelial Cells Produce R-Spondin3

Reiki Ogasawara, Daigo Hashimoto, Shunsuke Kimura, Eiko Hayase, Takahide Ara, Shuichiro Takahashi, Hiroyuki Ohigashi, Kosuke Yoshioka, Takahiro Tateno, Emi Yokoyama, Ko Ebata, Takeshi Kondo, Junichi Sugita, Masahiro Onozawa, Toshihiko Iwanaga, Takanori Teshima

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29 Citations (Scopus)


The R-Spondin (R-Spo) family regulates WNT signaling and stimulates the proliferation and differentiation of intestinal stem cells (ISCs). R-Spo plays a critical role in maintaining intestinal homeostasis, but endogenous producers of R-Spo in the intestine remain to be investigated. We found that R-Spo3 was the major R-Spo family member produced in the intestine and it was predominantly produced by CD45-CD90+CD31+ lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) in the lamina propria of the intestinal mucosa. Transcriptome analysis demonstrated that LECs highly expressed R-Spo receptor, Lgr5, suggesting an autocrine stimulatory loop in LECs. LECs were significantly reduced in number, and their R-Spo3 production was impaired in intestinal graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The impaired production of R-Spo3 in the intestine may be a novel mechanism of delayed tissue repair and defective mucosal defense in intestinal GVHD. We demonstrate a novel role of intestinal LECs in producing R-Spondin3 to maintain intestinal homeostasis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10719
JournalScientific reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

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