Intramuscular pH modulates glutamate-evoked masseter muscle pain magnitude in humans

H. Sato, E. E. Castrillon, B. E. Cairns, K. H. Bendixen, K. Wang, T. Nakagawa, K. Wajima, P. Svensson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Background This study was conducted to determine whether glutamate-evoked jaw muscle pain is modulated by the acidity and temperature of the solution injected. Methods Thirty two participants participated and received injections of high-temperature acidic (HT-A) glutamate (pH 4.8, 48 C), high-temperature neutral (HT-N) glutamate (pH 7.0, 48 C) and neutral temperature neutral (NT-N) glutamate (pH 7.0, 38 C) solutions (0.5 mL) into the masseter muscle. Pain intensity was assessed with an electronic visual analogue scale (eVAS). Numerical rating scale (NRS) scores of unpleasantness and temperature perception, pain-drawing areas, mechanical sensitivity and pressure pain thresholds (PPT) were also measured. Participants filled out the McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ). One or two way ANOVAs were used for data analyses. Results Injection of HT-A glutamate solutions significantly increased the area under the VAS-time curve compared with injection of HT-N glutamate and NT-N glutamate solution (p < 0.040). The duration of glutamate-evoked pain was significantly longer when HT-A glutamate was injected than when NT-N glutamate was injected (p < 0.017). No significant effects of acidity were detected on pain drawings, NRS unpleasantness and heat perception, but there was a significant effect of acidity on MPQ scores and mechanical sensitivity. Conclusion Acidity and temperature modulate glutamate-evoked jaw muscle pain suggesting an interaction between acid sensing and glutamate receptors which could be of importance for understanding clinical muscle pain conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)106-115
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Pain (United Kingdom)
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine


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