Investigation of the ion ejection mechanism of gallium liquid metal ion sources

Yoshiyuki Nakayama, Toshiaki Makabe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


A gallium liquid metal ion source and an ion energy analysis system were constructed in order to study the ion ejection mechanism. We have performed measurements of the energy distribution of 69Ga+ at elevated source temperatures up to 500 -C at a fixed ion current of 2 ¡ik using a 127° electrostatic energy analyser. Results on the emitted ion energy distribution indicate that a notable secondary peak and a low energy tail are formed in addition to the main peak at source temperatures above 300 cC, The field evaporation, field ionization and charge transfer collision are discussed in detail as the ionization mechanisms of the emitted ion. The experimental evidence is presented for the field ionization process as one of the formation mechanisms of69Ga+. A comparison between the experimental and theoretical distributions is also carried out.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1769-1775
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Oct 14

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


Dive into the research topics of 'Investigation of the ion ejection mechanism of gallium liquid metal ion sources'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this