IPknot: Fast and accurate prediction of RNA secondary structures with pseudoknots using integer programming

Kengo Sato, Yuki Kato, Michiaki Hamada, Tatsuya Akutsu, Kiyoshi Asai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

177 Citations (Scopus)


Motivation: Pseudoknots found in secondary structures of a number of functional RNAs play various roles in biological processes. Recent methods for predicting RNA secondary structures cover certain classes of pseudoknotted structures, but only a few of them achieve satisfying predictions in terms of both speed and accuracy. Results: We propose IPknot, a novel computational method for predicting RNA secondary structures with pseudoknots based on maximizing expected accuracy of a predicted structure. IPknot decomposes a pseudoknotted structure into a set of pseudoknot-free substructures and approximates a base-pairing probability distribution that considers pseudoknots, leading to the capability of modeling a wide class of pseudoknots and running quite fast. In addition, we propose a heuristic algorithm for refining base-paring probabilities to improve the prediction accuracy of IPknot. The problem of maximizing expected accuracy is solved by using integer programming with threshold cut. We also extend IPknot so that it can predict the consensus secondary structure with pseudoknots when a multiple sequence alignment is given. IPknot is validated through extensive experiments on various datasets, showing that IPknot achieves better prediction accuracy and faster running time as compared with several competitive prediction methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberbtr215
Pages (from-to)i85-i93
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jul
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computational Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'IPknot: Fast and accurate prediction of RNA secondary structures with pseudoknots using integer programming'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this