Irreversible cerebral ischemia caused by febrile status epilepticus in Sturge-Weber syndrome type III

Yuri Sakaguchi, Tomohide Goto, Sahoko Miyama

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We report a 9-year-old girl with Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) type III, whose motor function deteriorated after an episode of febrile status epilepticus. The patient had leptomeningeal angiomas in the left temporal, occipital, and parietal lobes. Complex partial seizures, which started at 8 months, were controlled by antiepileptic medications. At 9 years of age, she developed irreversible ischemic lesions in the left temporal and occipital regions after the febrile status epilepticus and her motor function deteriorated. In addition to antiepileptic medications, aspirin therapy was started. SWS type III is a rare disorder characterized by leptomeningeal angiomatosis without facial nevus. In addition to the chronic ischemia in the affected cortex, epileptic seizures result in a phased progression of ischemia in SWS. Although the patient's complex partial seizures had been well-controlled, a single episode of febrile status epilepticus resulted in permanent brain lesions. The impairment of appropriate hemodynamic response to status epilepticus, together with venous hypertension in the affected side in SWS may have caused the cerebral infarction in our case. Seizure control is crucial to improving the neurological prognosis of SWS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-129
Number of pages4
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology


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