Lansoprazole-Tacrolimus Interaction in Japanese Transplant Recipient with CYP2C19 Polymorphism

Kazushige Takahashi, Hideyuki Motohashi, Atsushi Yonezawa, Masahiro Okuda, Noriyuki Ito, Shingo Yamamoto, Osamu Ogawa, Ken Ichi Inui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To report a patient with a high tacrolimus blood concentration after lansoprazole administration and assess the potential interaction between tacrolimus and lansoprazole. CASE SUMMARY: A 34-year-old Japanese man underwent a living-donor kidney transplantation having received tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and prednisolone for immunosuppression. Lansoprazole was administered from postoperative day 4 as prophylaxis of ulcers. The trough concentration of tacrolimus increased markedly after the introduction of lansoprazole, while results of liver function tests were within normal limits. Lansoprazole was stopped on day 15 and was replaced with famotidine on day 17. The trough concentration of tacrolimus returned to the therapeutic range after administration of lansoprazole ceased. Genetic analysis revealed a heterozygous mutation at exon 5 of the CYP2C19 gene (CYP2C19*1/*2) in this patient. DISCUSSION: Lansoprazole is metabolized by 2 enzymes, CYP2C19 and CYP3A4. Since tacrolimus is also metabolized by CYP3A4, the blood concentration of tacrolimus in this patient who had a CYP2C19 gene mutation may have been elevated by decreased hepatic elimination of lansoprazole. An objective causality assessment revealed that this interaction was probable. CONCLUSIONS: Trough concentrations of tacrolimus should be monitored closely for optimizing the dosage regimen in patients receiving concomitant lansoprazole.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-794
Number of pages4
JournalAnnals of Pharmacotherapy
Volume38
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 May
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CYP2C19
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Lansoprazole
  • Tacrolimus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)

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