Background: Significant concern continues about the feasibility of laparoscopic restorative proctocolectomy (RP) with an ileal J pouch anal anastomosis in the surgical treatment of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). The aim of this study was to clarify the feasibility of laparoscopic RP at a single institution where the surgical routine of laparoscopic colorectal surgery has already been established. Patients and Methods: Between July 1994 and December 2001, 18 patients with UC underwent laparoscopic RP. The median age was 30 (range, 18-51) years, and the median follow-up was 20 (range, 5-89) months. Five trocars were placed. After the entire colon and rectum were mobilized and the vessels were divided intracorporeally, the rectum was divided with use of a laparoscopic linear stapler. A pouch anal anastomosis was fashioned with use of a double stapling technique. A diverting loop ileostomy was fashioned. Results: There were no conversions to the open procedure. The median operative time and median blood loss were 360 (range, 290-500) minutes and 105 (range, 10-586) mL, respectively. Six postoperative complications occurred (wound sepsis, 2; bowel obstruction, 1; anastomotic stricture, 2; pouchitis, 1). In one patient, a bowel obstruction developed 3 months after the operation, which was managed conservatively. The median length of the hospital stay was 9 (range, 7-21) days. Conclusions: The laparoscopic RP is safe and feasible in selected patients with UC. New laparoscopic instrumentation, such as a linear stapler, and a more reliable laparoscopic coagulating and dividing tool should be designed, which would make it possible to perform this procedure more frequently in the surgical treatment of UC.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Journal of Laparoendoscopic and Advanced Surgical Techniques - Part A|
|Publication status||Published - 2002|
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