Lateral bone augmentation with newly developed β-tricalcium phosphate block: An experimental study in the rabbit mandible

Daisuke Ono, Ryo Jimbo, Giichiro Kawachi, Koji Ioku, Tohru Ikeda, Takashi Sawase

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: To evaluate the biological effects of newly developed β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) to improve lateral bone augmentation. Material and methods: Test samples (rod-shaped [RS]-blocks) were prepared through hydrothermal processing α-TCPs. As controls, commercially available β-TCPs (C-blocks; Osferion) were used. The blocks were placed onto the rabbit mandibles (n=5/group, mean: 4kg). Samples were retrieved after 6, 12 and 24 weeks. Thereafter, the sections were evaluated for histological and histomorphometric analyses. The parameters set were: BV/TV (%): [(area of newly formed bone; area-NFB)/(whole measured area; WA)] × 100, BV+Imp.V/TV (%): [(area-NFB+area of remaining β-TCP block)/WA] × 100, N.Oc/I.Pm: (osteoclast number)/(entire β-TCP block perimeter; 100mm). Results: BV/TV of the C-blocks (10.71±3.39%) was significantly higher than the RS-blocks (3.5±3.52%, P<0.05) at 6 weeks. At 24 weeks, the RS-blocks (23.66±2.7%) showed significantly higher values than the C-blocks (13.23±2.65%, P<0.001). The BV+Imp.V/TV of the RS-blocks was significantly higher than that of the C-block group (29.61±5.84% and 19.13±3.14%), maintaining high values between 6 and 24 weeks (44.16±5.19% and 50.88±4%, P<0.001). The N.Oc/I.Pm values were significantly greater in the RS-block group than in the C-block group throughout the observation period (P<0.05). Conclusions: The newly developed β-TCP blocks presented subsequent replacement by newly formed bone, in conjunction with maintaining the external morphology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1366-1371
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Oral Implants Research
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec
Externally publishedYes


  • Animal experiments
  • Bone augmentation
  • Bone substitutes
  • Onlay graft

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery


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