Lateral vibrational characteristics of a magnetic liquid column held by magnetic field

Motoyoshi Ohaba, Tatsuo Sawada, Shin hachiro Saito, Seiichi Sudo, Takahiko Tanahashi

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1 Citation (Scopus)


We have investigated the stability and vibrational response of magnetic liquid columns held by Helmholtz coils. Theoretical resonance frequencies were derived from the linear potential theory prior to the experiment. During the experiment, a small quantity of a kerosene-based magnetic liquid was injected onto a lower pole plate. When the magnetic field was increased, a cylindrical column (height = 9.78 mm) was vertically formed between the two pole faces of the iron-core Helmholtz coils. When the magnetic field was decreased, the column diameter exhibited hysteresis such that the column broke at a smaller diameter than that at formation. The coils holding the liquid column were then excited horizontally and the lowest mode (m = 1, n = 1) derived theoretically appeared in the measurements. The surface frequency response was measured optically using a CCD camera, a strobovision analyzer and a stroboscope for various magnetic field intensities and aspect ratios (mean diameter/height). We found that the resonance frequency of the mode (m = 1, n = 1) decreased with increase of the aspect ratio. The experimental resonance frequencies were in qualitative agreement with the theoretical predictions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2725-2731
Number of pages7
JournalNippon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, B Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part B
Issue number612
Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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