Lifestyle and work predictors of fatigue in Japanese manufacturing workers

Shin Yamazaki, Shunichi Fukuhara, Yoshimi Suzukamo, Satoshi Morita, Tomonori Okamura, Taichiro Tanaka, Hirotsugu Ueshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Fatigue is one of the most common symptoms encountered in medical practice. However, little is known about the causal relationship between change in lifestyle and fatigue. Aim: To help prevent fatigue-related disorders, we investigated the association between changes in lifestyle and fatigue among employees. Methods: We studied data sets from the High-risk and Population Strategy for Occupational Health Promotion study for employees at 10 workplaces in Japan. The baseline survey was done in 1999 and the follow-up survey in 2003 via a questionnaire which examined lifestyle and fatigue variables using the vitality domain scale of the SF-36 Health Survey. The lifestyle factors focused on were diet, smoking and alcohol habits and working conditions. Four-year changes in lifestyle that predicted the vitality domain score in the follow-up survey were examined by analysis of covariance. Results: Of the 6284 participants in the baseline survey, 4507 replied to the follow-up survey, of whom 3498, with a mean age of 37 (SD 18) years, returned valid responses. A low vitality score at follow-up was predicted by a change in lifestyle factors such as an increase in overtime work, change to non-sedentary work and increased frequency of eating between meals (P < 0.01, P < 0.01 and P = 0.02, respectively). Conclusion: Fatigue in salaried workers as measured by the vitality domain of the SF-36 is predicted by an increase in overtime work, change to non-sedentary work and an increase in the frequency of eating between meals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-269
Number of pages8
JournalOccupational Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jun
Externally publishedYes


  • Fatigue
  • Lifestyle
  • Quality of life
  • Vitality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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