Linear-response formula for finite-frequency thermal conductance of open systems

Abhishek Dhar, Onuttom Narayan, Anupam Kundu, Keiji Saito

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


An exact linear-response expression is obtained for the heat current in a classical Hamiltonian system coupled to heat baths with time-dependent temperatures. The expression is equally valid at zero and finite frequencies. We present numerical results on the frequency dependence of the response function for three different one-dimensional models of coupled oscillators connected to Langevin baths with oscillating temperatures. For momentum conserving systems, a low-frequency peak is seen that is higher than the zero-frequency response for large systems. For momentum nonconserving systems, there is no low-frequency peak. The momentum nonconserving system is expected to satisfy Fourier's law; however, at the single bond level, we do not see any clear agreement with the predictions of the diffusion equation even at low frequencies. We also derive an exact analytical expression for the response of a chain of harmonic oscillators to a (not necessarily small) temperature difference; the agreement with the linear-response simulation results for the same system is excellent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number011101
JournalPhysical Review E - Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jan 3
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Linear-response formula for finite-frequency thermal conductance of open systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this