Lower limit of weak flame in a heated channel

Yosuke Tsuboi, Takeshi Yokomori, Kaoru Maruta

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

87 Citations (Scopus)


Stationary and non-stationary flame responses in a heated meso-scale channel were investigated both experimentally and computationally. Special attention was paid to flame stabilities, particularly the existence of lower limit of weak flame regime. Previous microcombustion methodology with an external heat source to form stationary temperature gradient in the channel wall was employed. Normal stable flames at high and low velocity regimes, and non-stationary dynamic flames (FREI) at moderate velocity regime were confirmed experimentally. In addition to them, the lower limit of weak flame regime was experimentally identified for the first time. Measured temperature increase in such weak flame was found to be approaching to nearly zero degree. It was found that the flame temperature at the lower limit of the weak flame regime corresponds to ignition temperature of the employed mixture. One-dimensional computations with detailed chemistry and transport properties exhibited s-shaped curve which has additional lowest velocity regime with previous S-shaped curve. Computational results comprehensively support and interpret the present experimental results indicating that the lower limit of weak flame regime is induced by the weakened reaction due to less frequent molecular collisions by diffusive mass dissipation at extremely low velocity regime.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3075-3081
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of the Combustion Institute
Volume32 II
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Event32nd International Symposium on Combustion - Montreal, QC, Canada
Duration: 2008 Aug 32008 Aug 8


  • Combustion with heat recirculation
  • Limit of mild combustion
  • Mass dissipation limit
  • Weak flame

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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