Maternal intake of one-carbon metabolism-related B vitamins and anorectal malformations in the Japan Environment and Children's Study

Takehiro Michikawa, Hiroshi Nitta, Makiko Sekiyama, Tatsuo Kuroda, Shoji F. Nakayama, Tomohiko Isobe, Yayoi Kobayashi, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Eiko Suda, Yu Taniguchi, Toshihiro Kawamoto, Shin Yamazaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The occurrence of anorectal malformations (ARM) is thought to be reduced with sufficient folate intake. However, there is no apparent evidence. We focused on enzyme cofactors for one-carbon metabolism, including folate (vitamin B9), vitamin B6 and vitamin B12, and explored the association between maternal combined intake of these B vitamins and the risk of ARM. Using baseline data from a Japanese nationwide birth cohort study between 2011 and 2014, we analysed data of 89 235 women (mean age at delivery = 31·2 years) who delivered singleton live births without chromosomal anomalies. Information on dietary intake was obtained via a FFQ focused on early pregnancy and used to estimate B vitamin intake. We also collected information on the frequency of folic acid supplement use. ARM occurrence was ascertained from medical records. We identified forty-three cases of ARM diagnosed up to the first month after birth (4·8 per 10 000 live births). In terms of individual intake of the respective B vitamins, high vitamin B6 intake was non-significantly associated with reduced odds of ARM. Compared with women in the low combined B vitamin intake group, the OR of having an infant with ARM was 0·4 (95 % CI 0·2, 1·0) in the high intake group (folate ≥400 μg/d, and upper half of vitamin B6 and/or vitamin B12). In conclusion, our cohort analysis suggested an inverse association between the combined intake of one-carbon metabolism-related B vitamins in early pregnancy and ARM occurrence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)865-873
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume124
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Oct 28

Keywords

  • Anorectal malformations
  • Birth cohorts
  • Folate
  • Vitamin B 12
  • Vitamin B 6

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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