Maternal undernutrition is known to reduce glomerular number but it may also affect tubulointerstitium, capillary density, and response to oxidative stress. To investigate whether the latter elements are affected, we examined the response to unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO), an established model of renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis, in the kidney of offspring from control and nutrient restricted rats. Six-week old male offspring from rats given food ad libitum (CON) and those subjected to 50% food restriction throughout pregnancy (NR) were subjected to UUO for 7 days. Body weight was significantly lower in NR. Systolic blood pressure and blood urea nitrogen increased similarly in CON and NR after UUO. Tubular necrosis in the obstructed kidney, on the other hand, was more extensive in NR. Also, the collagen area, a marker of fibrosis, of the obstructed kidney was significantly increased compared with the contralateral kidney only in NR. Capillary density was decreased similarly in the obstructed kidney of CON and NR compared with the contralateral kidney. Urine nitrate/ nitrite, a marker of nitric oxide production, from the obstructed kidney was significantly increased in NR compared with CON. Nitrotyrosine, a marker of nitric oxide-mediated free radical injury, was increased in the obstructed kidney compared with the contralateral kidney in both CON and NR, but the extent was significantly greater in NR. In conclusion, more severe tubular necrosis and fibrosis after UUO was observed in NR, which was thought to be due to increased nitrosative stress.
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