Melanin biosynthesis inhibitors from tarragon Artemisia dracunculus

Masayoshi Yamada, Kazuhiko Nakamura, Taeko Watabe, Osamu Ohno, Masaru Kawagoshi, Norihito Maru, Nobuo Uotsu, Tomohiro Chiba, Kohji Yamaguchi, Daisuke Uemura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The EtOH extract of tarragon Artemisia dracunculus, a perennial herb in the family Asteraceae, was found to potently inhibit α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (α-MSH) induced melanin production in B16 mouse melanoma cells. Bioassay-guided fractionation led to the isolation of two alkamide compounds, isobutyl (1) and piperidiyl (2) amides of undeca-2E,4E-dien-8,10- dynoic acid. The respective EC 50 values for melanin biosynthesis inhibition were 1.8 and 2.3μg/mL for 1 and 2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1628-1630
Number of pages3
JournalBioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Alkamide
  • Melanin biosynthesis inhibitor
  • Skin-whitening
  • α-melanocyte- stimulating hormone (α-MSH)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Organic Chemistry


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