Mice-lacking LMP2, immuno-proteasome subunit, as an animal model of spontaneous uterine leiomyosarcoma

Takuma Hayashi, Akiko Horiuchi, Kenji Sano, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka, Yae Kanai, Tanri Shiozawa, Susumu Tonegawa, Ikuo Konishi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


Uterine tumors are the most common type of gynecologic neoplasm. Uterine leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is rare, accounting for 2% to 5% of tumors of the uterine body. Uterine LMS develops more often in the muscle tissue layer of the uterine body than in the uterine cervix. The development of gynecologic tumors is often correlated with female hormone secretion; however, the development of uterine LMS is not substantially correlated with hormonal conditions, and the risk factors are not yet known. Radiographic evaluation combined with PET/CT can be useless in the diagnosis and surveillance of uterine LMS. Importantly, a diagnostic biomarker, which distinguishes malignant LMS and benign tumor leiomyoma (LMA) is yet to be established. Accordingly, it is necessary to analyze risk factors associated with uterine LMS in order to establish a method of treatment. LMP2-deficient mice spontaneously develop uterine LMS, with a disease prevalence of ~40% by 14 months of age. It is therefore of interest whether human uterine LMS shows a loss of LMP2 expression. We found LMP2 expression is absent in human LMS, but present in human LMA. Therefore, defective LMP2 expression may be one of the risk factors for LMS. LMP2 is potentially a diagnostic biomarker for uterine LMS, and gene therapy with LMP2-encording DNA may be a new therapeutic approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)711-717
Number of pages7
JournalProtein and Cell
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Aug
Externally publishedYes


  • LMP2
  • diagnostic biomarker
  • uterine leiomyoma
  • uterine leiomyosarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Drug Discovery
  • Cell Biology


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