Microsatellite instability associated with hepatocarcinogenesis

Yutaka Kondo, Yae Kanai, Michiie Sakamoto, Masashi Mizokami, Ryuzo Ueda, Setsuo Hirohashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Aims: The biological and clinicopathological significance of microsatellite instability in hepatocellular carcinoma still remains to be determined. The aim of this study was to assess the role of microsatellite instability in hepatocarcinogenesis. Methods: Genomic DNA extracted from 38 fresh samples of hepatocellular carcinoma was amplified by polymerase chain reaction using 29 fluorescence-labeled microsatellite markers and analyzed using a semi-automated laser scanning system. Associations between the incidence of replication error and the clinicopathological features of hepatocellular carcinoma were evaluated. Since reference DNA was extracted from corresponding fresh samples of non-cancerous liver tissue, the incidence of microsatellite instability in non-cancerous liver tissues was not assessed in this study. Results: Four (11%) hepatocellular carcinomas had a replication error in one or two microsatellite markers; they were all poorly differentiated hepatocellular carcinomas. The incidence of replication error correlated significantly with the histological differentiation of the tumor (p<0.05) and with portal vein involvement (p<0.05). All four hepatocellular carcinomas with replication errors showed loss of heterozygosity in one or more of the 29 markers we examined. No replication errors were detected in six markers in the coding regions of the BAX, insulin-like growth factor II receptor, transforming growth factor-beta type II receptor, E2F-4, hMSH3 and hMSH6 genes. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that: (1) microsatellite instability is a rare event during hepatocarcinogenesis and may be specifically associated with progression of hepatocellular carcinoma; and (2) frame-shift mutation in the above six genes is not a common mechanism involved in progression of this cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)529-536
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hepatology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Sept
Externally publishedYes


  • Chromosomal instability
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Loss of heterozygosity
  • Microsatellite instability
  • Replication error

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology


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