Molecular Cloning and Expression of a Novel Human β -Gal-3-O-sulfotransferase that Acts Preferentially on N-Acetyllactosamine in N- and O-Glycans

Atsushi Suzuki, Nobuyoshi Hiraoka, Masami Suzuki, Kiyohiko Angata, Anup K. Misra, Joseph McAuliffe, Ole Hindsgaul, Minoru Fukuda

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34 Citations (Scopus)


A novel cDNA-encoding galactose 3-O-sulfotransferase was cloned by screening the expressed sequence tag data base using the previously cloned cDNA encoding a galactosyl ceramide 3-O-sulfotransferase, which we term Gal3ST-1. The newly isolated cDNA encodes a novel 3-O-sulfotransferase, termed Gal3ST-3, that acts exclusively on N-acetyllactosamine present in N-glycans and core2-branched O-glycans. These conclusions were confirmed by analyzing CD43 chimeric proteins in Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing core2 β1,6-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase. The acceptor specificity of Gal3ST-3 contrasts with that of the recently cloned galactose 3-O-sulfotransferase (Honke, K., Tsuda, M., Koyota, S., Wada, Y., Iida-Tanaka, N., Ishizuka, I., Nakayama, J., and Taniguchi, N. (2001) J. Biol. Chem. 276, 267-274), which we term Gal3ST-2 in the present study because the latter enzyme can also act on core1 O-glycan and type 1 oligosaccharides, Galβ1→3GlcNAc. Moreover, Gal3ST-3 but not Gal3ST-2 can act on Galβ1→4(sulfo→6)GlcNAc, indicating that disulfated sulfo→3Galβ1→4(sulfo→6) GlcNAc→R may be formed by Gal3ST-3 in combination with GlcNAc 6-O-sulfotransferase. Although both Gal3ST-2 and Gal3ST-3 do not act on galactosyl ceramide, Gal3ST-3 is only moderately more homologous to Gal3ST-2 (40.1%) than to Gal3ST-1 (38.0%) at the amino acid level. Northern blot analysis demonstrated that transcripts for Gal3ST-3 are predominantly expressed in the brain, kidney, and thyroid where the presence of 3′-sulfation of N-acetyllactosamine has been reported. These results indicate that the newly cloned Gal3ST-3 plays a critical role in 3′-sulfation of N-acetyllactosamine in both O- and N-glycans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24388-24395
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number26
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jun 29
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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