Morphological analysis of the upper eyelid tarsus in asians

Tomohisa Nagasao, Yusuke Shimizu, Weijin Ding, Hua Jiang, Kazuo Kishi, Nobuyuki Imanishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The present study aims to evaluate morphologic variations of the upper tarsus in Asians. Methods: Measurements of superior-inferior and medial-lateral lengths were performed on 54 embalmed cadavers. The superior-inferior length of the tarsus was measured at the central and lateral parts. On the basis of the measured values, shapes of the tarsi were evaluated and categorized. Results: The tarsi were classified into 3 morphologic categories-the sickle, triangular, and trapezoid types. The upper margins of the sickle, triangular, and trapezoid type tarsi present round, triangular, and flat lines, respectively. Among the 54 examined specimens, 29 (55.6%), 16 (29.6%), and 9 (16.7%) belonged to the sickle, triangular, and trapezoid groups, respectively. Conclusions: The upper eyelid tarsi present morphologic variations with the Asian population. In performing surgical correction of blepharoptosis or surgical production of double-folds, this individual variation should be taken into consideration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-201
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Plastic Surgery
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb


  • Asian
  • anatomy
  • eyelid
  • tarsus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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