Mutated D4-guanine diphosphate-dissociation inhibitor is found in human leukemic cells and promotes leukemic cell invasion

Yuji Nakata, Kensuke Kondoh, Sachiko Fukushima, Akinori Hashiguchi, Wenlin Du, Mutsumi Hayashi, Jun ichiroh Fujimoto, Jun ichi Hata, Taketo Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: Rho GTPase may be involved in human cancer invasion via the augmentation of cell motility and adhesion. We report on two point mutations of the D4-guanine diphosphate (GDP)-dissociation inhibitor (GDI) gene, one of the Rho-GDIs, which were found in a human leukemic cell line, Reh, and the mutated D4-GDI functions as an accelerator of leukemic cell invasion. Material and Methods: We investigated the altered activity of GDP dissociation by mutated (mt) D4-GDI and the functions of this mt and wild-type (wt) D4-GDI in invasion. The mice inoculated with wt or mt D4-GDI vector-transfected Raji cells were observed and examined pathologically. Adhesiveness and cell motility of wt or mt D4-GDI vector-transfected Raji cells were examined. Finally, it was examined whether Rho activation was changed by mutation of D4-GDI under the condition of Rho-GDI knockdown. Results: Two point mutations of the D4-GDI gene were found in Reh cells. The region of mutations is conserved among members of the Rho-GDI family at the amino acid level. D4-GDI with two mutations (V68L and V69A) functioned in a dominant negative manner in the inhibition of GDP dissociation from Rho. Severe combined immune-deficient mice inoculated with Raji cells developed hemiparalysis. The Raji cells were present in bone marrow and peripheral blood, and hepatic invasion was observed in 20% of the mice. Mice inoculated with wt D4-GDI vector-transfected Raji cells (wt D4) showed later paralysis and none developed hepatic invasion. Mice inoculated with mt D4-GDI-transfected Raji cells (mt D4) showed a 5-day reduction in the time to paraplegia and death. In addition, hepatic invasion was evident in 80% of mice transplanted with mt D4 cells. There were no differences in growth rates and amounts of guanine triphosphate (GTP)-bound Rho, cdc42, or Rac among all clones, however, GTP-bound Rho in mt D4 clone with short hairpin RNA (shRNA) vector for Rho-GDI knockdown was increased compared with wt D4 clone with shRNA vector for Rho-GDI knockdown. The mt D4 cells showed an augmentation of adhesiveness and cell motility. On the other hand, wt D4 cells showed a decreased ability of cell motility. Conclusion: These results suggest the mutated D4-GDI functions as a dominant negative molecule against the wt D4-GDI and accelerates invasion via regulation of cytoskeletal machinery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-50
Number of pages14
JournalExperimental Hematology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Jan
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Hematology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Cancer Research


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