Myeloid-like B cells boost emergency myelopoiesis through IL-10 production during infection

Masashi Kanayama, Yuta Izumi, Megumi Akiyama, Toyoki Hayashi, Koji Atarashi, Axel Roers, Taku Sato, Toshiaki Ohteki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Emergency myelopoiesis (EM) is a hematopoietic response against systemic infections that quickly supplies innate immune cells. As lymphopoiesis is strongly suppressed during EM, the role of lymphocytes in that process has not received much attention. Here, we found that myeloid-like B cells (M-B cells), which express myeloid markers, emerge in the bone marrow (BM) after the induction of EM. M-B cells were mainly derived from pre-B cells and preferentially expressed IL-10, which directly stimulates hematopoietic progenitors to enhance their survival and myeloid-biased differentiation. Indeed, lacking IL-10 in B cells, blocking IL-10 in the BM with a neutralizing antibody, and deleting the IL-10 receptor in hematopoietic progenitors significantly suppressed EM, which failed to clear microbes in a cecal ligation and puncture model. Thus, a distinct B cell subset generated during infection plays a pivotal role in boosting EM, which suggests the on-demand reinforcement of EM by adaptive immune cells.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere20221221
JournalJournal of Experimental Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Apr 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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