Myocardial electrical conduction block induced by photosensitization reaction in exposed porcine hearts in vivo

Arisa Ito, Shunichiro Miyoshi, Takehiro Kimura, Seiji Takatsuki, Kotaro Fukumoto, Keiichi Fukuda, Tsunenori Arai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Background and Objective This study proposes photosensitization reaction for non-thermal cardiac ablation in arrhythmia therapy. Acute and chronic phase experiments were conducted in exposed porcine hearts to demonstrate the photosensitization reaction-induced myocardial electrical conduction block in vivo. Study Design/Materials and Methods The porcine left atrial appendage was exposed under an open-chest procedure. Then, a water-soluble chlorin photosensitizer, NPe6, was injected into the pigs intravenously at 5 or 10amg/kg. About 15 or 30aminutes after the injection, a 663-nm continuous-wave diode laser was irradiated on the surface of the atrial appendage through a silica optical fiber. The laser energy was delivered to the tissue point by point at an energy density of 50-208aJ/cm2. Results Acute and chronic tissue damages as a result of the photosensitization reaction were determined by electrophysiology and histology, respectively. The change in the myocardial conduction time between two electrodes was measured immediately after the completion of the 35-mm irradiation line between the electrodes. The conduction delay of 35.5amilliseconds might be due to the change in the conduction pathway induced by transmural acute conduction block with the photosensitization reaction. The tissue temperature increase in the irradiated area was approximately 12.8°C. Azan-staining revealed about 1-mm transmural fibrosis of the atrial appendage at 2 weeks after the irradiation (50aJ/cm2). Conclusions The results suggest that the photosensitization reaction might induce acute and chronic myocardial electrical conduction block. Cardiac ablation with the photosensitization reaction might be a non-temperature- mediated methodology for arrhythmia therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)984-990
Number of pages7
JournalLasers in Surgery and Medicine
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec


  • NPe6
  • arrhythmia
  • atrial fibrillation
  • cardiac ablation
  • photodynamic therapy
  • photosensitizer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology


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